What is Asperger syndrome?

Asperger syndrome is a pervasive developmental condition that falls within the autistic spectrum. It is a lifelong condition, affecting about 1 in 200 people and is more commonly found in men than women.

Information on Asperger syndrome

First identified by the Austrian Psychiatrist Hans Asperger in 1944, Asperger syndrome is a form of autism and was not officially recognised until 1994.

Asperger syndrome shares some similarities with autism, however people with Asperger syndrome generally do not experience the same language and cognitive delays or other learning disabilities normally associated with autism. Instead, people with the condition experience difficulties in the areas of social imagination, social communication and social interaction.

People with Asperger syndrome may experience other specific learning difficulties which can include dyslexia and dyspraxia, or other conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and epilepsy.

People with autism or Asperger syndrome may be particularly vulnerable to mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, especially in late adolescence and early adult life.

Whilst those with the condition face varying degrees of difficulty, it should be remembered that all people with Asperger syndrome are individuals and have differing strengths and needs, and there is great support available.


Further information

Symptoms of Asperger syndrome

How to help a person with Asperger syndrome

Living with Asperger syndrome