Autism is:

Autism is a difference in the way a person thinks, perceives and therefore understands the world and others. 

This results in difficulties or differences in communication, social interaction, thinking and in sensitivity of the senses. However, the way autism impacts on each individual is unique. No two people are exactly the same. 

‘Autism Spectrum Condition’ is used to describe the range of the autism spectrum, including Asperger syndrome.

Key Facts

  • The causes of autism are still unknown, it is likely that there are several factors affecting brain development that result in the differences of autism.
  • There may be some genetic links 
  • Research suggests that over 1 in 100 people may be on the autism spectrum
  • It is a lifelong condition and there is no ‘cure’ 
  • People with autism can continue to learn throughout their lives and live independently
  • A formal diagnosis of ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder’ is given following medical assessment. 

Further information

Symptoms of autism

How to support a person with autism

Living with autism